Call the Sexual Health Infoline Ontario at or Being on effective antiretroviral therapy, with a controlled viral load, results in improved immune function and a dramatic decrease in illness and mortality. Negligible possibility: The basic conditions of viral transmission are potentially present.
Life expectancy living with HIV: Recent estimates and future implications. Simply put, in Canada and other developed countries with advanced health care, HIV is no longer fatal. The present statement represents our consensus expert opinion regarding the possibility of HIV transmission and the nature of HIV infection.
We are concerned that actors in the criminal justice system have not always correctly interpreted the medical and scientific evidence regarding the possibility of HIV transmission, and may not have understood that HIV infection is a chronic manageable condition.
We define and rely on these categories for the purposes of informing the criminal justice system about the possibility of HIV transmission between individuals in specific circumstances at a specific time — in other words, the per-act possibility of HIV transmission.
Guiding principles of treatment include: Treatment is recommended for everyone no matter how long someone has been infected with the virus or how healthy they are. For principally biological reasons, some sexual acts involve a lower HIV transmission possibility than others.
The virus is not transmitted by these activities. We also focused on the possibility of HIV transmission between individuals engaging in a specific act at a specific time because this is what is at stake in individual criminal cases. The statement is based on a literature review of the most recent and relevant scientific evidence current as of December regarding HIV and its transmission.
Telephone ext 02, faxe-mail ac. Some studies suggest that the possibility of HIV passing from a man to a woman is twice as high as the possibility of HIV passing from a woman to a man. The basic conditions of viral transmission are not present.
As leading Canadian HIV physicians and medical researchers, we have a professional and ethical responsibility to inform policy formulation and the criminal justice system in matters related to the health and well-being of our patients and Canadian society 1.
The mucous membranes involved in the sexual transmission of HIV are located in the foreskin and urethra of the penis; cervix and vagina; anus and rectum; and mouth and throat. Studies at a population level have also shown that even when factoring in possible instances of incorrect use or breakage, the consistent use of condoms dramatically reduces the possibility of HIV transmission.
Clinical studies are underway to assess the possibility of HIV transmission associated with insertive and receptive anal-penile intercourse when the HIV-positive individual is on effective antiretroviral therapy. Blood exposure through intravenous drug use by sharing infected needles, works or other drug use equipment.
Telephone ext 02, fax , e-mail ac. When taken as prescribed, PrEP medication reduces the risk of acquiring sexually transmitted HIV by more than 90 per cent.