Keywords: colubridae, forestry, genetic diversity, isolation-by-distance, microsatellites, habitat loss. In contrast, the population genetic structure of organisms inhabiting habitat mosaics can be facilitated or restricted by the specific habitat features an organism encounters Adriaensen et al.
First synthesis of testosterone. Loss of genetic diversity and fitness in common toad Bufo bufo populations isolated by inimical habitat. Mol Ecol Resources. Over the next five weeks, the fetus begins producing hormones that cause its sex organs to grow into either male or female organs.
J Evol Biol.
A male fetus may be incompletely masculinized if this enzyme is deficient. Comparable results have been found in North American species, notably eastern massasauga rattlesnakes Sistrurus catenatus catenatus ; Gibbs et al.
Conserv Biol. Darker coloured areas indicate stands of closed canopy Pinus spp. Table 2 Total sample size nbased on males M and females F sampled at each array, average number of individuals genotyped per locus Nallelic richness A Robserved heterozygosity H Oexpected heterozygosity H Einbreeding coefficients F IS and loci showing significant deviations from Hardy—Weinberg equilibrium HWE for 10 smooth snake-sample sites within Wareham Forest, Dorset.
Scales and scutes provide reptiles with physical protection and prevent water loss; in many species, the shapes and colors of these structures play a role in territorial disputes and courtship displays. Evolution; International Journal of Organic Evolution. A low incubation temperature during the development of this lizard's egg reverses some genotypic females XX into "phenotypic" males—so that they have only functioning male reproductive organs.
Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences. TSD may be advantageous and selected for in turtles, as embryo energy efficiency and hatchling size are optimized for each sex at single-sex incubation temperatures and are indicative of first-year survivorship.
This model indicates that there is no genetic predisposition for the embryo of a temperature-sensitive reptile to develop as either male or female, so the early embryo does not have a "sex" until it enters the thermosensitive period of its development.
An alternative hypothesis of adaptive significance was proposed by Bulmer and Bull in  and supported by the work of Pen et al.
Mol Ecol Notes. In contrast to Gent and Spellerberg , whose telemetry-based study found no evidence of sex-biased dispersal, the microsatellite analyses showed clear evidence for male-biased dispersal in smooth snakes.
Statistical properties of population differentiation estimators under stepwise mutation in a finite island model.