Current patterns of climate change may cause detrimental skews in the population sex ratios of reptiles exhibiting TSD. Sex chromosomes and sex determination in reptiles. It has been proposed that differences between sexes may be determined by differential methylation in nuclear DNAs of males and females.
Four evolutionary strata on the human X chromosome. Charlesworth D. Received Feb 28; Accepted Apr Macquarie University; Sydney, Australia:
These questions are important because they will help us understand how quickly sex-determining mechanisms can change during evolution. Janzen F. Comparative sex chromosome genomics in snakes: Differentiation, evolutionary strata, and lack of global dosage compensation.
Multiple sex chromosomes in the light of female meiotic drive in amniote vertebrates.
Birds too appear highly conserved in their sex determination mechanism. Evolution of sex chromosomes in Sauropsida. PLoS Biol. There are also numerous instances of convergent evolution of sex chromosomes across distantly related taxa if certain genes are particularly adept at taking on a sex-determining role [ , ].
By deconstructing individual reaction norms for TSD and revealing their underlying interacting elements, we offer a conceptual solution that explains how variation among individual reaction norms can be inferred from the pattern of population reaction norms.